Millennium Development Goals

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The United Nations Millennium Declaration, signed in September 2000, commits the states to:

  1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
    • Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than one U.S. dollar a day.
    • Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
    • Increase the amount of food for those who suffer from hunger.
  2. Achieve universal primary education
    • Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling.
    • Increased enrollment must be accompanied by efforts to ensure that all children remain in school and receive a high-quality education
  3. Promote gender equality and empower women
    • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015.
  4. Reduce child mortality
    • Reduce the mortality rate among children under five by two thirds.
  5. Improve maternal health
    • Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio.
  6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
    • Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.
    • Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.
  7. Ensure environmental sustainability
    • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources.
    • Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water (for more information see the entry on water supply).
    • Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020.
  8. Develop a global partnership for development
    • Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory. Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction—nationally and internationally.
    • Address the least developed countries’ special needs. This includes tariff- and quota-free access for their exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction.
    • Address the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States.
    • Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt problems through national and international measures to make debt sustainable in the long term.
    • In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decent and productive work for youth.
    • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.